The Sukhoi Su-25 “Frogfoot,” epitomizes rugged durability and precise firepower. Designed for ground attack and close air support, this aircraft has been an indispensable asset across global conflicts since the 1980s. Its robust construction and versatile capabilities ensure the Su-25 remains a key player in modern warfare, embodying the essence of aerial combat support.

1981 to: Present
US$11 million
Sukhoi Attack Aircraft Glass Cockpit, Phazotron Kopyo radar.
2x 2 × Tumansky R-195 turbojets
9,930 pound-force
Max Cruise Speed:
513 knots
950 Km/h
Approach Speed (Vref):
Travel range:
540 Nautical Miles
1,000 Kilometers
Fuel Economy:
1.39 nautical mile / gallon
0.680 kilometres / litre
Service Ceiling:
23,000 feet
Rate of Climb:
11400 feet / minute
57.91metre / second
Take Off Distance:
750 metre - 2,460.60 feet
Landing Distance:
600 metre - 1,968.48 feet
Max Take Off Weight:
19,300 Kg
42,549 lbs
Max Landing Weight:
Max Payload:
4,400 Kg
9,700 lbs
Fuel Tank Capacity:
1,250 gallon
4,732 litre
Baggage Volume:
Seats - Economy / General:
1 seats
Seats - Business Class:
Seats - First Class:
Cabin Height:
Cabin Width:
Cabin Length:
Exterior Length:
15.33 metre - 50.29 feet
Tail height:
4.8 metre - 15.75 feet
Fuselage Diameter:
Wing Span / Rotor Diameter:
14.36 metre - 47.11 feet
Wing Tips:
No Winglets

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The Sukhoi Su-25 “Frogfoot” remains a formidable presence in military aviation decades after its first flight. Designed primarily for ground attack and close air support missions, this rugged aircraft has served as the backbone of Russian and Soviet air forces since the 1980s. With its robust design and potent firepower, the Su-25 has proven itself in numerous conflicts around the globe, earning a reputation as a reliable and effective combat workhorse.

Development and Design

The Su-25’s journey began in the 1970s, as the Soviet Union sought a dedicated close air support aircraft for its ground forces, mirroring the capabilities of the American A-10 Thunderbolt II. Entering service in 1981, the Su-25 was designed to withstand significant damage, with armored protection for the pilot and vital aircraft systems. It features twin engines for redundancy, a wide array of weaponry, and the capability to operate from austere runways, making it versatile and survivable in combat zones.

Role and Missions

The primary mission of the Su-25 is close air support, providing direct assistance to ground troops by engaging enemy forces, armored vehicles, and fortifications. Its design allows for operations in low-altitude, high-threat environments, where precision and durability are paramount. The Su-25 is also capable of conducting reconnaissance and guiding other aircraft to their targets, showcasing its adaptability across various combat scenarios.

Combat History

The Su-25 has a distinguished combat history, seeing action in conflicts such as the Soviet-Afghan War, where it demonstrated its capabilities in rugged terrain and against well-entrenched insurgents. It has also been deployed in the Chechen conflicts, Georgia, Ukraine, and Syria, among others. In each operation, the Su-25 has proven to be an effective tool for close air support, reconnaissance, and even anti-tank missions, highlighting its utility on the modern battlefield.


Throughout its service life, the Su-25 has evolved into several variants to meet different operational requirements. The Su-25SM, for example, is a modernized version with improved avionics and weapon systems, enhancing its effectiveness and survivability. The Su-25UB is a two-seat training variant, and the Su-25TM (Su-39) offers further advancements in firepower and electronic warfare capabilities. These variants underline the platform’s ongoing adaptation to contemporary warfare demands.


The Su-25 has been operated by numerous countries beyond Russia and the former Soviet states, including Iraq, North Korea, Angola, and several others in Africa and the Middle East. Each operator has utilized the Su-25 based on its robust airframe, cost-effectiveness, and powerful ground attack capabilities, with varying degrees of operational success and longevity.

Legacy and Influence

The enduring legacy of the Su-25 “Frogfoot” is reflected in its continued relevance in modern military operations. It has influenced the development of tactics for close air support and has been a benchmark for the design of new aircraft intended for similar roles. The Su-25’s ruggedness, firepower, and ability to operate in challenging environments have set standards in military aviation, ensuring its place in the annals of combat aircraft history.


The Sukhoi Su-25 “Frogfoot” has solidified its status as a pivotal component of military air power. With a history marked by versatility in combat and adaptability to evolving warfare, the Su-25 continues to serve with distinction. Its development, design, and operational history underscore its significance in providing close air support and its impact on military aviation. As conflicts and technological advancements unfold, the legacy of the Su-25 will undoubtedly endure, emblematic of its contributions to aerial combat and ground support missions worldwide.

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