The Messerschmitt Bf 109 was developed by German designers Willy Messerschmitt and Rober Lusser during the 1930s. It was a fighter aircraft during the Second World War and entered service in 193 throughout the course of the Spanish Civil War. It first flew in May 1935 and was used by Luftwaffe, Hungarian Air Force, National Republican Air Force, and Royal Romanian Air Force. A total of 33,984 aircraft were built.
The 109G version was the most produced model of the Bf 109. The Bf 109G-6 is a single crew fighter with an external length of 8.95 meters, an external height of 2.6 meters, and a fuselage diameter of 0.9 meters. It has a tail height of 3.4 meters and a wheelbase of 6.15 meters. The wingspan is 9.92 meters and the wing area is 16.05 square meters. It has an empty weight of 2,247 kg, a gross weight of 3,148 kg, and a maximum takeoff weight of 3,400 kg. The maximum payload is 500 kg and the fuel tank capacity is 85 US gal.
The aircraft is powered by a single Daimler-Benz DB 605A-1 engine. It is a twelve-cylinder liquid-cooled supercharged inverted Vee piston engine with two intake and two sodium-cooled exhaust valves per cylinder actuated through a single overhead camshaft per cylinder bank, a single-stage variable-speed centrifugal-type supercharger driven through a barometrically controlled clutch, a Bosch direct fuel injection, a dry-sump with one pressure and two scavenge pumps and a liquid-cooled pressurized cooling system. The engine produces a maximum thrust of 1,455 hp and drives a three-bladed VDM 9-12087 light-alloy constant-speed propeller.
The Bf 109 has a maximum speed of 280 knots at sea level, 317 knots at 13,123 feet, 350 knots at 20,669 feet, and 336 knots at 26,247 feet. It has a cruise speed of 320 knots at 19,685 feet. The standard range is between 475-616 nautical miles, the combat range is 238-309 nautical miles, and the ferry range is 618-1,077 nautical miles. It can fly up to 39,000 feet and can climb at a rate of 3,300 feet per minute. The aircraft could be loaded with guns such as two 13 mm synchronized MG 131 machine guns with 300 rpg, one 20 mm MG 151/20 cannon with 200 rpg or one 30 mm MK 108 cannon with 65 rpg, and two 20 mm MG 151/20 underwing cannon pods with 135 rpg. It could also be armed with two Wfr Gr.21 rockets and a 250 kg or four 50 kg bombs, or a 79 US gal drop tank.