The Ilyushin Il-96 is built by Ilyushin in the Soviet Union as a four-engined jet capable of long-haul flights. It was a wide-body airliner introduced on December 29, 1992, with Aeroflot, and was produced by the Russian manufacturer Voronezh Aircraft Production Association (VASO) on the same year up to the present.
The Ilyushin II-96 is a derivative of the first widebody airliner of the Soviet Union, the Ilyushin II-86. Unlike its antecedent, the II-96 is capable of flying on longer ranges, and equipped with more innovative technology. It is fitted with supercritical wings incorporating winglets, as well as a glass cockpit with electronic flight instrument displays, and fly-by-wire technology. In 1988, the aircraft made its first flight. In 1992, the Il-96 was awarded its type certification. The airliner has three major versions namely the Il-96-300, Il-96M/T, and Il-96-400.
The Il-96-400 is the same as the Il-96M. However, unlike the Il-96M that features Pratt and Whitney engines, the Il-96-400 is fitted with engines and avionics systems from Russia. The aircraft is a quadjet- it is powered by four Aviadvigatel PS-90A1 high-bypass commercial engines rated at 38,326 lbf thrust. Its engine is a twin-spool high-bypass turbofan with a single-stage fan, four-stage low-pressure and thirteen-stage high-pressure compressor, fully annular combustors, and two-stage high-pressure and four-stage low-pressure turbine.
The aircraft can accommodate a maximum of 436 passengers on board and the standard two-class layout can seat 386 passengers. It has a travel range of 5,400 nautical miles while carrying 315 passengers in a three-class layout. The aircraft has a service ceiling of 43000 feet and a cruise speed of 459 to 469 knots. It has a takeoff and landing distance of,2700 meters and 1,650 meters, respectively. The Il-96-400 has a maximum takeoff weight of 265,000 kg, a maximum payload of 58,000 kg, and a fuel tank capacity of 40,322 US gallons.
The Il-96-400 has an exterior length of 63.9 meters, an exterior height of 7 meters, a tail height of 15.7 meters, and a fuselage diameter of 6.08 meters. The aircraft cabin is 2.86-meter-high, 5.7-meter-wide, and 44.4-meter-long. It has a wheelbase of 26 meters, a wingspan of 60.1 meters, and a wing area of 350 square meters.
In February 2013, the Cuban Aviation Corporation signed a contract with Ilyushin for the three Il-96-400 aircraft orders.