The Mikoyan MiG-19 is the first most-produced supersonic aircraft powered by two jet engines capable of reaching supersonic speeds in level flight. It was a second-generation jet fighter developed by the Russian manufacturer, Mikoyan-Gurevich introduced in March 1955.
In 1950, the manufacturing company Mikoyan-Gurevich started to develop a new fighter jet with a longer range compared to its predecessors Mig-15 and Mig-17 fighters. Powered by two Mikulin AM-5 axial jet engines, the designed aircraft could reach supersonic speeds in level flight.
On April 20, 1951, the Mikoyan-Gurevich Design Bureau was authorized to modify one of the prototypes and changed the Klimov VK-1 turbojet engine with two Mikulin AM-5s rated at 4,410 lbf each. In June 1955, the aircraft deliveries started.
The MiG-19s were sent to the Soviet Air Forces, and on July 3 of the same year, the aircraft was unveiled to the public in an airshow held at Tushino Airfield in Moscow.
Several variants of the MiG-19 were built. The MiG-19S is an upgraded single-crew day fighter designed with an all-movable slab tail and Svod long-range air navigation system receiver.
In 1956, the aircraft entered production. It has an external length of 12.54 meters with pitot probe retracted and 14.64 meters if extended, a height of 3.88 meters, and a fuselage diameter of 1.3 meters.
The wingspan is 9 meters, and the wing area is 25 square meters. Two Tumansky RD-9B afterburning turbojet engines powered the aircraft, with a dry thrust of 5,700 lbf each and 7,100 lbf with afterburner.
It has a gross weight of 7,560 kg, a maximum takeoff weight of 8,832 kg, and a fuel capacity of 480 gallons. The maximum speed at 33,000 feet is 784 knots.
It has a range of 750 nautical miles and a ferry range of 1,200 nautical miles with 200 gal drop tanks at 46,000 feet.
It can fly up to 57,400 feet and can climb at a rate of 35,000 feet per minute.
The MiG-19S is loaded with 3×30 mm Nudelman-Rikhter NR-30 autocannons, four hardpoints- two for drop fuel tanks and two for weapons, with a capacity of up to 500 kg of stores with provisions to carry combinations of two ORO-57K rocket pods and two FAB-250 general-purpose bombs.