The Yakovlev Yak-130 was initially developed by Yakovlev and Aermacchi with the designation “Yakovlev-Aermacchi Yak-130/AEM-130”, an advanced jet trainer and lightweight fighter capable of subsonic flights. Aircraft development started in 1991 and maiden flight in April 1996.
On April 25, 1996, the Yak-130 prototype with aircraft registration RA-4310 conducted its first flight at the Zhukovsky airfield. On April 30, 2004, the initial pre-series aircraft built at the Sokol aircraft plant in Nizhny Novgorod first flown. In June 2005, the Yak-130 was unveiled at the Paris Air Show. In December 2009, it successfully passed state trials and made it in service with the Russian Air Force.
The Yak-130 has an external length of 11.49 meters, an external height of 2.7 meters, a tail height of 4.76 meters, and a fuselage width of 1 meter. It is designed with a tandem configuration. It has a wingspan of 9.84 meters and a wing area of 23.52 square meters. The wheelbase is 4 meters.
The aircraft is powered by two Ivchenko-Progress AI-222-25 two-spool, low-bypass turbofan engine with axial, two-stage low-pressure compressor and eight-stage high-pressure compressor, annular combustors, and one-stage high-pressure and one-stage low-pressure turbine. Each engine produces a maximum thrust of 5,510 lbf.
The aircraft has an empty weight of 4,600 kg and a gross weight of 10,290 kg. The maximum takeoff and landing weights are 10,290 kg and 7,250 kg, respectively. It has a maximum payload of 3,000 kg and a fuel capacity of 970 US gallons.
The Yak-130 has a maximum speed of 570 knots, a cruise speed of 479 knots, and a stall speed of 89 knots. The travel range is 1,100 nautical miles and the combat range is 300 nautical miles. It can fly up to 41,000 feet and can climb at a rate of 12,800 feet per minute. The takeoff distance is 380 meters while the landing distance is 670 meters.
The Yakovlev Yak-130 is armed with nine hardpoints; one is located on each wingtip, three are underneath each wing, and one underneath the fuselage. It has a capacity of up to 3,000 kg. The aircraft is also fitted with a fully-digital cockpit incorporating a fly-by-wire control system, a head-up display, helmet-mounted-sighting-system, laser gyroscopes, and global positioning system or global navigation satellite system as well as an inertial reference system.