The Tupolev Tu-28 was a Soviet long-range interceptor aircraft designed by Tupolev and introduced in the mid-1960s. It was officially designated as Tu-128 and performed its maiden flight in March 1961. The Tu-128 was the largest, as well as the heaviest fighter in service, assuming that the definition of fighter includes an interceptor aircraft. The aircraft was retired in 1990.

1964 to: 1970
2x Lyulka AL-7F-2
22,300 pound-force
Max Cruise Speed:
1040 knots
1,926 Km/h
Approach Speed (Vref):
Travel range:
1,385 Nautical Miles
2,565 Kilometers
Fuel Economy:
Service Ceiling:
51,200 feet
Rate of Climb:
25000 feet / minute
127.00metre / second
Take Off Distance:
Landing Distance:
Max Take Off Weight:
43,000 Kg
94,798 lbs
Max Landing Weight:
40,000 Kg
88,184 lbs
Max Payload:
1,900 Kg
4,189 lbs
Fuel Tank Capacity:
4,612 gallon
17,458 litre
Baggage Volume:
Seats - Economy / General:
2 seats
Seats - Business Class:
Seats - First Class:
Cabin Height:
Cabin Width:
Cabin Length:
Exterior Length:
30.06 metre - 98.62 feet
Tail height:
7.15 metre - 23.46 feet
Fuselage Diameter:
1.7 metre - 5.58 feet
Wing Span / Rotor Diameter:
17.53 metre - 57.51 feet
Wing Tips:
No Winglets

The Tupolev Design Bureau led by Iosif Nezval began to develop a new interceptor aircraft in 1958. It was derived from an existing single prototype of the Tu-98 swept-wing jet bomber. On March 18, 1961, it took to the air for the first time. The aircraft has an initial military destination of Tu-28 before it was redesignated as the Tu-128 in 1963. It was primarily used by the Soviet Air Defence Forces and was retired in 1990.

The Tu-28 can accommodate two crew members; a pilot and a navigator in a tandem configuration. It has an exterior length of 30.06 meters, an exterior height of 3.8 meters, and a fuselage width of 1.7 meters. The wide, low, and mid-mounted swept wing has a wingspan of 17.53 meters and a wing area of 96.94 square meters.

The wing carries the main undercarriage and has a wheelbase of 10.9 meters. It has a tail height of 7.15 meters. The aircraft has an empty weight of 24,500 kg, a gross weight of 40,000 kg, and a maximum payload of 1,900 kg. The maximum takeoff weight ranges from 43,000 to 43,700 kg. The estimated maximum fuel capacity is 13,600 kg.

The Tu-28 interceptor is powered by two Lyulka AL-7F-2 afterburning turbojet engines mounted in the fuselage. It has a supersonic airflow through a single-spool nine-stage axial compressor, annular combustors, and two-stage axial turbine.

Each engine produces a 16,400 lbf of dry thrust and 22,300 lbf with afterburner. The aircraft has a maximum speed of 899 knots when armed and 1,042 knots when unarmed. It has a travel range of 840 nautical miles. It has a service ceiling of 51,200 feet and an absolute ceiling of 65,617 feet. The rate of climb is 25,000 feet per minute.

The aircraft is fitted with four hardpoints and four Bisnovat R-4 long-range air-to-air missiles; usually two radar-guided R-4R and two infrared-homing R-4T.

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All Tupolev Aircraft