The Piper J-3 Cub was a trainer / light aircraft designed and manufactured by Piper Aircraft from 1938 to 1947. It was the most-produced model of the company with almost twenty thousand built in the United States.

Piper Aircraft
United States
1937 to: 1947
US$.0024 million (1937)
1x Continental A-65-8
65 horsepower
Max Cruise Speed:
78 knots
144 Km/h
Approach Speed (Vref):
33 knots
Travel range:
191 Nautical Miles
354 Kilometers
Fuel Economy:
Service Ceiling:
11,500 feet
Rate of Climb:
450 feet / minute
2.29metre / second
Take Off Distance:
222 metre - 728.34 feet
Landing Distance:
143 metre - 469.15 feet
Max Take Off Weight:
554 Kg
1,221 lbs
Max Landing Weight:
554 Kg
1,221 lbs
Max Payload:
205 Kg
452 lbs
Fuel Tank Capacity:
12 gallon
45 litre
Baggage Volume:
Seats - Economy / General:
2 seats
Seats - Business Class:
Seats - First Class:
Cabin Height:
Cabin Width:
Cabin Length:
Exterior Length:
6.8 metre - 22.31 feet
Tail height:
1.6 metre - 5.25 feet
Fuselage Diameter:
.7 metre - 2.30 feet
Wing Span / Rotor Diameter:
10.74 metre - 35.24 feet
Wing Tips:
No Winglets

In 1930, the Taylor E-2 Cub first emerged when William T. Piper, a Bradford businessman asked Gilbert Taylor of the airplane manufacturer Taylor Aircraft to build an economical, easy-to-fly trainer that a normal person could bear to rent. Piper bought a $761 controlling share in the manufacturing company when it went bankrupt and kept Taylor as the president.

In 1936, the Piper J-2 Cub was built from a modification of an earlier Cub. Afterward, the J-3 Cub emerged as a further development of the previous J-2. The modifications included the vertical stabilizer being integrated into the fuselage and enveloped it at the same time with every side of the fuselage. It also featured a flawlessly curved partly-oval layout of the rear window and a flexible tailwheel at the back part of the skid.

The J-3 was designed with a high-wing and strut-braced configuration.  The rectangular wing had a large area of 16.58 square meters and a wingspan of 10.74 meters. The fuselage was constructed out of welded steel frame concealed in fabric. It had an exterior length of 6.8 meters, an exterior height of 2.03 meters, and a fuselage diameter of .7 meters. The tail height was1.6 meters. The aircraft was capable to seat two people in tandem configuration. It had a wheelbase of 5.2 meters.

The J-3 was usually fitted with air-cooled, flat-four engines operating a fixed-pitch propeller. Several versions of J-3s were built, each usually differed in their engine. The J3C was powered by the Continental A series, the J3F was powered by Franklin 4AC, the J3L used the Lycoming O-145, and some J3P were fitted with Lenape Papoose radial engines.

The J3C has a maximum speed of 76 knots and a cruise speed of 65 knots. It has a travel range of 191 nautical miles and can fly up to 11,500 feet. The rate of climb is 450 feet per minute. It has a maximum takeoff weight of 550 kg and a maximum payload of 205 kg.

The Piper J3 Cub was produced from 1938 to 1947.

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