The McDonnell Douglas MD-82 is equipped with better specifications as compared to the MD-81. It features an operating empty weight of 373 metric tonnes and an increase in maximum take off weight to 365 tonnes.

McDonnell Douglas
United States
1979 to: 1997
US$41.5 million (1999)
2x Pratt & Whitney JT8D-217
20,000 pound-force
Max Cruise Speed:
485 knots
898 Km/h
Approach Speed (Vref):
140 knots
Travel range:
2,050 Nautical Miles
3,797 Kilometers
Fuel Economy:
Service Ceiling:
37,000 feet
Rate of Climb:
2500 feet / minute
12.70metre / second
Take Off Distance:
2052 metre - 6,732.20 feet
Landing Distance:
1585 metre - 5,200.07 feet
Max Take Off Weight:
67,800 Kg
149,472 lbs
Max Landing Weight:
58,000 Kg
127,867 lbs
Max Payload:
19,700 Kg
43,431 lbs
Fuel Tank Capacity:
5,840 gallon
22,107 litre
Baggage Volume:
35.5 m3 / 1,254 ft3
Seats - Economy / General:
172 seats
Seats - Business Class:
Seats - First Class:
Cabin Height:
2.06 metre - 6.76 feet
Cabin Width:
3.14 metre - 10.30 feet
Cabin Length:
30.78 metre - 100.98 feet
Exterior Length:
45.01 metre - 147.67 feet
Tail height:
9.02 metre - 29.59 feet
Fuselage Diameter:
3.4 metre - 11.15 feet
Wing Span / Rotor Diameter:
32.82 metre - 107.68 feet
Wing Tips:
No Winglets

MD-82 Production and Development

On April 16 1979, the McDonnell Douglas MD-82 was announced.

On January 8 1981, the aircraft made its first flight. On July 29 of the same year, it was awarded the Federal Aviation Administration type certificate.

On August 5 1981, the MD-82 was first delivered to Republic Airlines, a United States airline headquartered in Minnesota. It entered into service on the same month.

In November 1986, the aircraft assembly took place in Shanghai Aviation Industrial Corporation.

On November 17 1997, the MD-82 was last delivered to U-Land Airlines, a Taiwanese low-cost carrier in Taipei.

In 2012, the first ever commercial freighter MD-82 was carried out by the Aeronautical Engineers Inc.

MD-82 Design

The McDonnell Douglas MD-82 was built for operation from hot and high conditions yet also provides more payload and range while engaged at standard airfields.

The aircraft can accommodate up to 172 passengers. It has a cabin height of 2.06 meters, width of 3.14 meters and length of 30.78 meters. The fuselage has an exterior length of 45.01 meters, tail height of 9.02 meters, and diameter of 3.4 meters.

The MD-82 has a wingspan of 32.82 meters and wing area of 112.3 square meters. It has a wheelbase of 18 meters.

MD-82 Engine and Performance

The Pratt and Whitney JT8D-217C were also proposed on the MD-82, providing enhanced Thrust Specific Fuel Consumption (TSFC), the efficiency of fuel of the engine corresponding to thrust output. Various operators ordered MD-82 with JT8D-219 engines, on the other hand Balair acquired its MD-82 with a JT8D-209 lower thrust engine.

The aircraft boasts a maximum take off weight increase of 66,700 kg at first, then afterwards increased again to 67,800 kg. Maximum landing weight is 58,000 kg.

The MD-82 has a maximum payload of 19,700 kg and a fuel tank capacity of 5,840 US Gal.

The aircraft can fly up to 37,000 feet and has a maximum cruise speed of 485 knots. It has a 2,050 nautical mile travel range. The take off distance is 2,052 meters and 1,585 meters for the landing.

MD-82 Notable Accidents and Incidents

On August 16 1987, because of the flight crew’s negligence to use the taxi checklist to secure that flaps and slats were on, a Northwest Airlines flight 255 crashed shortly after it took off. All of the people on board died except Cecelia Cichan, a four-year-old girl sole survivor in the accident.

On November 13 1993, a China Northern Airlines flight 6901 B-2141 undershot the runway at Urumqi Airport. 12 out of 102 people died on this accident.

On June 1 1999, in an attempt to land at Little Rock Airport, an American Airlines flight 1420 crashed in Arkansas River. 11 people died on this accident.

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On May 7 2002, a China Northern Airlines flight 6136 crashed into Dalian Bay in China. 112 people died on the accident.

On November 30 2004, a Lion Air flight 583 crashed upon landing at Adi Sumarmo Airport in Indonesia. 25 people were killed on the accident.

On August 16 2005, a West Carribbean Airways flight 708 crashed in a remote area in Venezuela. No survivors found in the accident.

On March 4 2006, a Lion Air flight 8987 swerved to the right and slid off the runway at Juanda International Airport in Indonesia. There is no casualty recorded in the incident.

On March 16 2007, a Kish Air LZ-LDD suffered a hard landing in Kish, Iran. There is no casualty recorded in the incident.

On September 16 2007, a One-Two-GO Airlines flight 269 crashed and suffered an explosion at Phuket International Airport in Thailand. 89 out of 130 people on board died on the accident.

On August 20 2008, a Spanair flight 5022 crashed after it took off from Barajas Airport in Madrid. 18 out of 162 people on board died on this accident.

On November 19 2009, a Compagnie Africaine d’Aviation flight 3711 experienced significant damage when it overran the runway at Goma International Airport.

On June 21 2010, a Hewa Bora Airways flight 601 from N’Djili Airport burst tire upon take-off and suffered a hydraulic failure. There is no recorded casualty in the incident.

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